Observations

Space Based Imaging

More data: SWAP, EUI

Ground Based Imaging

More: H-α, WL, Ca-IIK, Drawings

Ground Based Radio

More: Callisto, HSRS/ARCAS

Space Based Timelines

More data: LYRA, TSI

WDC Sunspot Index

More data: SILSO

Space Weather Services

Detections

Solar Map

Latest Alerts

Flaremail 2022-05-19

A class M5.6 solar X-ray flare occurred on 2022/05/19 with peak time 07:19UT

Forecasts

  • Flare: M-class flares expected
    (probability >=50%)
  • Protons: Quiet
  • Geomagnetic: Quiet
    (A<20 and K<4)
  • All quiet: False
  • Provisional SSN:

Solar Activity

URSIgram 2022-05-19

Solar flaring activity was moderate during the last 24 hours, with an M5 event detected from NOAA Active Region (AR) 3017 (magnetic configuration Beta, Catania group 15) at 19 May 07:19 UT and two M1 events from NOAA AR 3014 (magnetic configuration Beta-Ganna-Delta, Catania group 14) at 18 May 22:02 and 19 May 10:20 UT. There were also numerous C-class flares mostly from NOAA AR 3014 in the last 24 hours. More C-class flares are almost certain to occur and one or more isolated M-class flares are likely in the next 24 hours. There is also a small chance of an X-class flare during the next 24 hours. Two Coronal Mass Ejections (CME) automatically detected by CACTus on 18 May at 10:24 and 12:12 UT are estimated to be back-sided, hence no geo-effective. The greater than 10 MeV proton flux was at nominal levels over the past 24 hours and is expected to remain so for the next 24 hours. The greater than 2 MeV electron flux remained below the 1000 pfu alert threshold and is expected to remain below this threshold during the next 24 hours. The 24h electron fluence was at nominal levels and is expected to remain so.

Solar Wind

URSIgram 2022-05-19

The Solar Wind (SW) conditions (as measured by the DSCOVR and ACE satellites) are gradually returning to a typical slow SW regime. The SW speed remained relatively high during the last 24 hours, as it varied between 420 and 540 km/s. During the same period the total magnetic field strength remained low with values between 3 and 7 nT, while its Bz component varied between -6 and 7 nT. The interplanetary magnetic field phi angle was predominantly positive (directed away from the Sun) during the last 24 hours. The solar wind speed is expected to very gradually slow down and the magnetic field to retain its low values in the next 24 hours. Geomagnetic conditions were globally and locally moderate (NOAA Kp and K Dourbes 1-3). Geomagnetic conditions are expected to remain moderate during the next 24 hours.

 

Research

 

News

The EUI telescope causes a revolution in solar physics

On March 26, 2022, the Solar Orbiter satellite came closer to the Sun than ever before. A particularly exciting moment. The images of this closest approach -the perihelion-, taken by the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) on board are will revolutionize solar physics!

A Patchwork Image of the Sun

On 7 March, 2022, the high-resolution telescope of the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) onboard the Solar Orbiter spacecraft made a mosaic image of the solar disk. Over a period of more than 4 hours, the satellite aimed at different positions each time capturing a small square of the Sun at very high resolution. These images were then stitched together like a patchwork. The result was an extremely detailed image of the entire Sun.

Unique images of a solar cloud

On February 15, 2022, an immense cloud escaped from the sun. The space telescope EUI onboard the Solar Orbiter satellite could capture the solar cloud while it was hurled into space.
 

Activities

Ground Observations

The SIDC monitors the level of solar activity from the photosphere to the corona with ground based instruments located in Uccle and Humain.

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Space Instruments

To avoid the disturbing or blocking effect of the Earth atmosphere, EUV observations of the solar corona need to be made from space...

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Space Weather & Climate

We monitor and forecast solar variability to provide information services  to society and industry about the influence of space weather and climate.

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Data Processing & Distribution

Data processing is necessary to extract relevant information for research studies, whereas data distribution and visualization are part of ROB open data policy.

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Modeling

Modelling of Solar phenomena allows scientists to test theories and to predict Space Weather phenomena and their impact on Earth.

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Supporting Research

The SIDC shares and expands its expertise through interaction with both upcoming and experienced researchers.

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