List of publications using SIDC data

Dear colleague,

The SIDC encourages the use of our sunspot data as we adopt an open source data policy. We kindly request however, that our online catalogue of sunspot data is explicitly mentioned and referred to in the text. We recommend that you use the following format, mentioning the WDC-SILSO, in the list of references:

SILSO, World Data Center - Sunspot Number and Long-term Solar Observations, Royal Observatory of Belgium, Monthly Report on the International Sunspot Number, on-line Sunspot Number catalogue:, ‘year(s)-of-data’

The Bibtex entry for this reference (Note: yyyy1 and yyyy2 should be changed respectively into the first and last year of the SIDC-data you have used):

   author = {{SILSO World Data Center}},
  address = {Royal Observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussel, Belgium}
    title = "{The International Sunspot Number}",
  journal = {International Sunspot Number Monthly Bulletin and online catalogue},
     year = yyyy1-yyyy2,
    month = ,
   volume = ,
    pages = {},
   adsurl = {,},
  adsnote = {}

All publications that use and mention SIDC data are welcome to figure on this page. If you wish to see your publication(s) listed below, send a us message with the journal references and, if possible, an appropriate link.

Publication colour code
....Publication in refereed scientific journal *
....Non-refereed scientific publication: proceeding
....Publication in journal for scientific vulgarisation

*For refereed publications, access to links is provided for registered sites who have subscriptions to the printed version of the journal.

Years : 2014/ 2013/ 2012/ 2011/ 2010/ 2009/ 2008/ 2007/ 2006/ 2004/ 2003 / 2002 / 2001 / 2000 / 1999 / 1998 / 1996 / 1995 / 1994

Guiming Le, Xingxing Yang, Yonghua Liu, Peng Li, Zhiqiang Yin, Yulin Chen
Statistical properties of X-class solar flares and their relationship with super active regions during solar cycles 21-23,
Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol.350 , Issue 2, pp 443-447
Journal link to the article

Y. Brugnara, S. Br÷nnimann, J. Luterbacher, and E. Rozanov
Influence of the sunspot cycle on the Northern Hemisphere wintertime circulation from long upper-air data sets,
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13 (2013), p 6275-6288
Journal link to the article
P. Nyeko-Ogiramoi, P. Willems, G. Ngirane-Katashaya
Trend and variability in observed hydrometeorological extremes in the Lake Victoria basin,
Journal of Hydrology, Volume 489 (2013), p 56-73
Journal link to the article
C. Montag, M. Eichner, S. Markett, C. M. Quesada, J.-C. Schoene-Bake, M. Melchers, T. Plieger, B. Weber, M. Reuter
An interaction of a NR3C1 polymorphism and antenatal solar activity impacts both hippocampus volume and neuroticism in adulthood,
frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:243. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00243
Journal link to the article

Guiming Le, Ziyu Cai,Huaning Wang,Yuting Zhu
Solar cycle distribution of great geomagnetic storms,
Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol.339 , Issue 1, pp 151-156
Journal link to the article

Partha Chowdhury, B.N. Dwivedi
Periodicities of Sunspot Number and Coronal Index Time Series During Solar Cycle 23,
Solar Physics, Volume 270 (2011), p 365-383, doi: 10.1007/s11207-011-9738-1
F.T. Watson, L. Fletcher and S. Marshall
Evolution of sunspot properties during solar cycle 23,
Astron. Astrophys., Volume 533 (2011), 7 pages, doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201116655
Journal link to the article

A. Dubietis and R. Arlt
Periodic Variability of Visual Sporadic Meteor Rates,
Earth Moon Planets, 106, p 105-111 (2010), doi: 10.1007/s11038-010-9351-6
Journal link to the article
A. Dubietis, P. Dalin, R. Balciunas, K. Cernis
Observations of Noctilucent clouds from Lithuania,
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Volume 72, Issues 14-15, p 1090-1099 (2010), doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2010.07.004
Journal link to the article
M. De Domenico and V. Latora
Fast detection of nonlinearity and nonstationarity in short and noisy time series,
Europhysics Letters, EPL, Volume 91, Number 3 (2010), doi: 10.1209/0295-5075/91/30005
online -arxiv version
Johnson, R.W.
Edge adapted wavelets, solar magnetic activity, and climate change,
Astrophysics and Space Science, Volume 326, issue 2 (2010), p 181-189, doi: 10.1007/s10509-009-0249-6
Chowdhury, P., Khan, M., Ray, P.C.
Short-Term Periodicities in Sunspot Activities During the Descending Phase of Solar Cycle 23,
Solar Physics, Volume 261 (2010), p 173-191, doi: 10.1007/s11207-009-9478-7

Johnson, R.W.
Enhanced wavelet analysis of solar magnetic activity with comparison to global temperature and the Central England Temperature record,
J. Geophys. Res. , 114, A05105, doi: 10.1029/2009JA014172.
D. Heristchi and Z. Mouradian
The global rotation of solar activity structure,
Astron. Astrophys., 497, 835-841, doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/200809582

Kiliš, H.
Midrange periodicities in sunspot numbers and flare index during solar cycle 23,
A&A, 481, p 235-238.

Carbonell, M., Terradas, J., Olivier, R. and Ballester, J.L.
The statistical significance of the North-South asymmetry of solar activity revisited,
A&A, 476, p 951-957.
Keylock, C.J.
A wavelet-based method for surrogate data generation,
Physica D, 225, p 219-228.
Balthasar, H.
Rotational periodicities in sunspot relative numbers,
A&A, 471, p 281-287.

Pishkalo, M.
Reconstruction of the Heliospheric Current Sheet Tilts Using Sunspot Numbers,
Solar Physics, 233, p 277-290.

Jackman, C. M.; Achilleos, N.; Bunce, E. J.; Cowley, S. W. H.; Dougherty, M. K.; Jones, G. H.; Milan, S. E.; Smith, E. J.
Interplanetary magnetic field at 9 AU during the declining phase of the solar cycle and its implications for Saturn's magnetospheric dynamics,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, A11203.
pdf document from AGU

J. Polygiannakis, P. Preka-Papadema and X. Moussas,
On signal-noise decomposition of time-series using the continuous wavelet transform: application to sunspot index,
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 343, p. 725-734.
pdf document from MNRAS
Kunjaya, C., Radiman, I., Dupe Z., Herdiwidjaja, D., Hakim, M.I.
On The Prediction of El Ni˝o 2002 Based On the Peak Of Sunspot Number in 2000,
Proceedings of the ISCS Symp. 2003: Solar Variability as an Input to the Earth's Environment,
ESA SP-535.
Rybak, J. Karlovsky, V.
Mutual relations of the intermediate periodicities of the Wolf sunspot number,
Proceedings of the ISCS Symp. 2003: Solar Variability as an Input to the Earth's Environment,
ESA SP-535 p.145-148

zipped postscript file from author's homepage

Henney, C.J., Harvey, J.W.,
Phase Coherence Analysis of Solar Magnetic Activity,
Solar Phys., 207, 199-218
Temmer, M., Veronig, A., Hanslmeier, A.,
Hemispheric Sunspot Numbers Rn and Rs:Catalogue and N-S asymmetry analysis,
Astron. Astrophys., 390, 707-715
pdf document from Astron. Astrophys.
Alexander, P.,
Las crecientes amenazas del clima espacial sobre el sistema terrestre,
Ciencia e Investigacion, 54, 27

Sello, S.,
Solar cycle forecasting: A nonlinear dynamics approach,
Astron. Astrophys. 377, 312-320
pdf document from Astron. Astrophys.
Nodermann, JR.D., Rigozo, N.R., Echer, E., Vieira, L.E.A., Zanandrea, A.,
Tree-ring width wavelet analysis of solar variability and climatic effects on a Chilean cypress during the last two and a half millennia,
Proceeding of Tree Rings and People, an international conference on the future of dendrochronology
Davos (Switzerland), September 22-26 2001
pdf version
Jevtic, N., Schweitzer, J.S., Cellucci, C.J.,
Nonlinear time series analysis of northern and southern solar hemisphere daily sunspot numbers in search of short-term chaotic behavior,
Astron. Astrophys. 379, 611-615
pdf document from Astron. Astrophys.

Sello, S.,
Wavelet entropy as a measure of solar cycle complexity,
Astron. Astrophys. 363, 311-315
pdf document from Astron. Astrophys.
Lantos, P.,
Prediction of the Maximum Amplitude of Solar Cycles Using the Ascending Inflexion Point,
Solar Phys. 196, 221-225
pdf document from Solar Phys.
Aroche, R.R., Barja, B.G., Pomares, I.P., Estevan, R.A.,
The Stratospheric Aerosol and their influence on the weather and the climate in the Great Caribbean,
Proceeding of the SPARC 2000 2Nd General Asesembly of the SPARC/WCRP Project
Mar Del Plata (Argentina), November 6-10, 2000
html version

Hanslmeier, A., Denkmayr, K., Weiss, P.,
Longterm Prediction of Solar Activity Using the Combined Method,
Solar Phys. 184, 213-218
pdf document from Solar Phys.

De Meyer, F.,
Modulation of the Solar Magnetic Cycle,
Solar Phys. 181, 201-219
pdf document from Solar Phys.

Zhang, Q.,
A nonlinear prediction of the smoothed monthly sunspot numbers.,
Astron. Astrophys. 310, 646-650
html version on ADS

Basurah, H.M.; Malawi, A.A.; Al-Mleaky, Y.M.; Kamal, F.,
Flare development in active region NOAA 6891, 30 October, 1991,
Solar Phys. 158, 383-386
html version on ADS

Almleaky, Y.M., Basurah, H.M., Malawi, A.A., Kamal, F.Y.,
Sunspot observations at KAAU solar observatory,
Astrophys. Space. Sci. 222, 227-230
ADS abstract

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