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Space Based Imaging

More data: SWAP, EUI

Ground Based Imaging

More: H-α, WL, Ca-IIK, Drawings

Ground Based Radio


Space Based Timelines

More data: LYRA, TSI

WDC Sunspot Index

More data: SILSO

Space Weather Services


Solar Map

Latest Alerts

Presto 2024-07-23

A shock was detected in the solar wind data around 19:50 UTC on Jul 23. The interplanetary magnetic field jumped from 6 nT to 15 nT, the solar wind speed jumped from 260 km/s to 320 km/s, and the solar wind density at the shock increased from 0.5/cm3 to 7.1/cm3. This shock is related to an ICME arrival associated with a halo coronal mass ejection that was observed on the evening of Jul 21. Geomagnetic conditions are expected to be disturbed, with active to minor storm conditions possible depending on the Bz component.

CACTus Halo 2024-07-23

A halo or partial-halo CME was detected with the following characteristics: t0 | dt0| pa | da | v | dv | minv| maxv| 2024-07-23T00:24:07.439 | 1.0 | 297 | 240 | 635 | 157 | 296 | 1005 t0: onset time, earliest indication of liftoff dt0: duration of liftoff (hours) pa: principal angle, counterclockwise from North (degrees) da: angular width of the CME (degrees), v: median velocity (km/s) dv: variation (1 sigma) of velocity over the width of the CME mindv: lowest velocity detected within the CME maxdv: highest velocity detected within the CME


  • Flare: M-class flares
  • Protons: Event
    (10 pfu at >10 MeV)
  • Geomagnetic: Minor storm
    (A>=30 or K=5)
  • All quiet: False
  • Provisional SSN: 174

Solar Activity

URSIgram 2024-07-23

The solar flaring activity was at moderate level during the last 24 hours, with few C-class flares and a M-class flare. The strongest flare was GOES M1.5 flare from NOAA active region (AR) 3744 which peaked at 13:00 UTC on Jul 22. During the flare, the source region (AR 3744) of the flare had beta configuration of its photospheric magnetic field. Currently, NOAA AR 3751 and NOAA AR 3762 are the most complex region on the disk (beta-gamma-delta magnetic field configuration), but they have only produced C-class flarings. The solar flaring activity is expected to be at moderate to high levels over the next 24 hours possibly with few M-class flares and a low chance for isolated X-class flares. Presently available observations indicate that the partial halo CME, which was first observed on the SOHO/LASCO C2 field of view around 18:45 UTC on Jul 22, had a source region on the farside of the Sun. It is therefore not expected to arrive at Earth. More will be reported on this CME when additional data is available. A halo CME was first observed on the SOHO/LASCO C2 field of view around 00:24 UTC on Jul 23, and it possibly has the source region on the farside of the Sun. Hence, it is not expected to arrive at Earth. No other Earth-directed CMEs were detected in the available coronagraph observations during the last 24 hour. The greater than 10 MeV GOES proton flux started to increase around 23:45 UTC on July 22, crossed the 10 pfu threshold level at 03:00 UTC on July 23, and it is still increasing. The greater than 50 MeV GOES proton flux and the greater than 100 MeV GOES proton flux have also started to increase around 00:20 UTC on July 23. They are still increasing, but both are still below the 10 pfu threshold level. This event is possibly associated with the coronal mass ejection observed around 00:24 UTC on July 23, which most likely had its source on the Sun's farside. More will be reported when additional data is available. The proton flux is expected to remain elevated in the the coming hours. The greater than 2 MeV electron flux, as measured by the GOES-16 satellite, was below the threshold level over the past 24 hours and is expected to remain so in the coming 24 hours. The 24h electron fluence is presently at low level, and it is expected to be at low to normal level in the next 24 hours.

Solar Wind

URSIgram 2024-07-23

Geomagnetic conditions were globally and locally at quiet to unsettled conditions (NOAA Kp and K BEL 1 to 3). We expect unsettled to minor storm levels (K 3 to 5) in the next 24 hours due to the possible arrival of an ICME, associated to CME observed on Jul 21 (produced by NOAA AR 3757, and twisted filament eruption). Earth is presently within the slow solar wind regime with a speed of about 300 km/s. The North-South component (Bz) ranged between -7 and 6 nT. The interplanetary magnetic field ranged between 3 nT and 10 nT. Slow solar wind conditions are expected to continue over the next 24 hours, unless the CME observed on Jul 21 (produced by NOAA AR 3757, and twisted filament eruption) arrives at Earth.




Powerful eruption on the Sun's farside

Old NOAA 3738 produced a very strong X-class flare late on 22 July. Solar Orbiter's STIX instrument indicates this might have been an X14 flare. The associated CME is heading away from Earth, towards Solar Orbiter.

High sunspot numbers

Preliminary sunspot numbers during last week were the highest in 22 years.

X1 flare in NOAA 3738

NOAA 3738 produced an X1.2 flare on 14 July 2024. ***UPDATE 2***


Ground Observations

The SIDC monitors the level of solar activity from the photosphere to the corona with ground based instruments located in Uccle and Humain.

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Space Instruments

To avoid the disturbing or blocking effect of the Earth atmosphere, EUV observations of the solar corona need to be made from space...

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Space Weather & Climate

We monitor and forecast solar variability to provide information services  to society and industry about the influence of space weather and climate.

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Data Processing & Distribution

Data processing is necessary to extract relevant information for research studies, whereas data distribution and visualization are part of ROB open data policy.

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Modelling of Solar phenomena allows scientists to test theories and to predict Space Weather phenomena and their impact on Earth.

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Supporting Research

The SIDC shares and expands its expertise through interaction with both upcoming and experienced researchers.

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