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Space Based Imaging

More data: SWAP, EUI

Ground Based Imaging

More: H-α, WL, Ca-IIK, Drawings

Ground Based Radio


Space Based Timelines

More data: LYRA, TSI

WDC Sunspot Index

More data: SILSO

Space Weather Services


Solar Map

Latest Alerts

Presto 2023-12-02

A partial halo Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) can be seen in LASCO-C2/SOHO images starting from yesterday 22:12 UTC. It is likely to be geo-effective and arrive at the first half of 5 Dec. A partial halo CME that can also been seen in LASCO-C2/SOHO images as lunched yesterday 03:12 UTC is associated with a flare at the west solar limb and is not expected to be geo-effective.


  • Flare: C-class flares
  • Protons: Quiet
  • Geomagnetic: Active conditions
    (A>=20 or K=4)
  • All quiet: False
  • Provisional SSN: 115

Solar Activity

URSIgram 2023-12-04

Solar flaring activity was low but frequently during the past 24 hours. NOAA Active Region (AR) 3511 (magnetic configuration Beta, Catania sunspot group 79) produced the brightest flare, a C8 today at 01:26 UTC and has undergone through a very significant flux emergence during the last 24 hours. C-class flares are expected in the next 24 hours and if NOAA AR 3511 continues to increase, M-class flare(s) are likely to register. A partial halo Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) can be seen in LASCO-C2/SOHO images starting from today 07:00 UTC. This is most likely a front-sided event and there is a good chance to become geo-effective. If so, it is expected to arrive at the first half of 7 Dec. A partial halo CME, also seen in LASCO-C2/SOHO images, appeared yesterday at 10:36 UTC. This is estimated to be back-sided event and as such not geo-effective. The greater than 10 MeV proton flux was at nominal levels over the past 24 hours and is expected to remain so for the next 24 hours. The greater than 2 MeV electron flux, as measured by the GOES-16 satellite, was below the 1000 pfu alert threshold during the last 24 hours and is expected to to remain below this threshold during the next 24 hours. The 24h electron fluence was at low levels during the past 24 hours and is expected to remain at these levels for the following 24 hours.

Solar Wind

URSIgram 2023-12-04

Geomagnetic conditions were quiet to unsettled both globally and locally (NOAA Kp 3+ to 2 and K BEL 3 to 1) during the last 24 hours. They are expected to remain unsettled in the next 24 hours, possibly reaching active levels. The Solar Wind (SW) conditions are affected by the arrival of the expected High Speed Stream (HSS) during the last 24 hours. The SW speed reached 580 km/s, while the total interplanetary magnetic field (Bt) increased from below 5 nT to 12 nT. The North-South magnetic component (Bz) ranged between -9 and 9 nT as a result of the HSS arrival. The interplanetary magnetic field phi angle was almost exclusively directed towards the Sun during the past 24 hours. The SW conditions are expected to remained strongly affected by the said HSS during the next 24 hours.



Numerous sunspots, few strong flares

While the daily sunspot number skyrocketed last week, the number of strong flares was quite modest.

Strong geomagnetic storms

So far, ongoing solar cycle 25 (SC25) has been geomagnetically more active than its predecessor SC24, but remains overall well below the long-term average of SC17 to 23.

Filament eruptions and polar lights

A trio of earth-directed CMEs resulted in a major geomagnetic storm.


Ground Observations

The SIDC monitors the level of solar activity from the photosphere to the corona with ground based instruments located in Uccle and Humain.

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Space Instruments

To avoid the disturbing or blocking effect of the Earth atmosphere, EUV observations of the solar corona need to be made from space...

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Space Weather & Climate

We monitor and forecast solar variability to provide information services  to society and industry about the influence of space weather and climate.

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Data Processing & Distribution

Data processing is necessary to extract relevant information for research studies, whereas data distribution and visualization are part of ROB open data policy.

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Modelling of Solar phenomena allows scientists to test theories and to predict Space Weather phenomena and their impact on Earth.

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Supporting Research

The SIDC shares and expands its expertise through interaction with both upcoming and experienced researchers.

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